Some tips to help prevent malicious code from being injected into your web application, through third party libraries.
In the world of open source libraries, it is rather easy to access frameworks, libraries and scripts and use them for our own purposes. This in turn opens up a risk to you the developer, who may be developing sensitive applications that others may want to harm. Given minification, obfuscation and the general ease with which third party code can be integrated, a developer may just include malicious code into your website all too easily. Malicious scripts sometimes contain code to steal site traffic or even users’ personal or payment data.
Below, I outline some steps that can be taken to ensure that the code you are about to inject, would not have been intercepted and tampered with and help to verify the sanity of the code files.
If you see that a template you’ve downloaded uses some third-party JS libraries, check the version it uses and replace the file with a freshly downloaded one of the same version from the original repository. Meaning, go to JQuery and retrieve the original script file(s) for the version you were given, then replace it in your local folder. It almost guarantees you that any modifications made to the file in between, will be expunged during the file replacement. (Libraries themselves can be the source of malware; such cases are rare but they do happen.)
If you use any CDN links to third-party libraries, and the library itself becomes modified with malicious code, this will affect all websites that make reference to the file.
Use Sub-Resource Integrity (SRI) Hash Generator to add an integrity HTML attribute to your link, when adding external scripts. The integrity attribute’s value is a checksum of the file:
<script src="https://code.jquery.com/jquery-3.4.1.min.js" integrity="sha256-CSXorXvZcTkaix6Yvo6HppcZGetbYMGWSFlBw8HfCJo="></script>
If something changes, the checksum will also change and the browser won’t load the script.
The more plugins and libraries you have, the bulkier your site and the slower your loading times, so don’t use plugins unless absolutely necessary. Yes, there are many third-party libraries that can do many things. This doesn’t mean that you should try and get them all. In fact, many times, one library has ‘all’ the features that we may need, but we find pieces of functionality in 4-5 other libraries and include them all.
If you must use a lot of plugins, make sure you have package manager (like NuGet or Composer)to manage them. Also be selective of where you place your references. You want to reduce your risk of exposure as much as possible, so having a good handle of what is being referenced and from where (reputable sources recommended!) will keep you in check.
The fact is that, once you have opened up to the internet, ypu are placing quite a bit online. What may seem like an innocent enhancement or feature inclusion, can have unforeseen and unfortunate side effects for either yourself as the host, or your users.
You have a responsibility to both yourself and you users and must consider security in your routine development activities. If you have other suggestions, feel free to share them. I know that these are merely a few methods we can employ and there is so much more to be done and considered.